Include Life to your Quilting with Needlework

Needlework is appreciating a revival in popularity, much the same as quilting as well as knitting and other hand crafts. Lots of crafters who delight in quilting likewise end up delighting in embroidery and might really feel as if they have torn loyalties-which craft to pursue in the small amount of time readily available for hobbies? The bright side is that quilting and also embroidery make exceptional friends. Crafters that like quilting but are drawn in to the depth and also color that needlework stitches supply can comply with both their loves by incorporating the two crafts.

A quilt embellished with stitched stitches is just one of the most lovely hand-crafted creations imaginable. Have a look at several of the “crazy quilts” from the Victorian period. These quilts are frequently constructed from silk, typically from leftover males’s connections or various other little bits of fabric, and also were assembled in an arbitrary manner (for this reason the name) and after that heavily embellished with needlework. Even if your interest in quilting slants extra toward conventional patchworks, it deserves taking a look at these crazy patchworks to get concepts for making use of needlework to embellish your quilts. Crazy patchworks use embroidery extensively, oftentimes covering nearly all the quilt’s surface area, however you could make use of touches of needlework here and there on your patchworks or quilted garments to give it deepness as well as structure.

Needlework stitches are easy to discover, and also you may also know some already. Browse through sites on the web, and you’ll discover several with clear pictures or images of embroidery stitches. Some typical needlework stitches you may intend to utilize consist of blanket as well as chain stitch for laying out, and also feather, herringbone, careless daisy, straight and also cross stitches for attractive touches.

Several quilters delight in doing appliqu as part of their quilting methods, and also embroidery is an all-natural partner to appliqu. The procedure of appliqu involves layering one material atop one more, rather than sewing items of textile together, and needlework stitches such as the covering stitch could be used to decorate the edges of the appliqu d item. Or probably you might wish to make use of embroidery on the background textile, to highlight the appliqu d pieces. The manufacturers of embroidery floss have actually kept pace with advancements on the planet of crafting, and currently offer floss in a selection of fibers, including perle cotton, rayon, silk or even bed linen and hemp. They additionally include dazzling shades, with some also supplying hand-dyed and also variegated flosses.

Lots of quilters like to do their quilting by machine, instead of hand, as well as these same quilters might likewise favor to do their needlework by maker. With the huge range of exceptionally effective sewing equipments on the market, this is a snap. Several sewing devices have needlework features with substantial checklists of stitches, which are as easy to accomplish as flipping a switch on the machine. As with needlework floss, there are lots of specialty strings available for equipment embroidery.

Consider including embroidery to your quilting and open an entire brand-new world of quilting and also crafting satisfaction to your life.

Everything about Appliqu.

Appliqu is a quilting strategy which involves using layering one fabric above another as well as sewing it on. The term appliqu originates from the French word appliquer, which is a French verb indicating “to put on.” Even though words comes from the French, the technique has been made use of in numerous societies and throughout history, with the earliest instances of appliqu being located countless years back. Finding out the usages and how-tos of appliqu will certainly expand the possibilities of quilting immensely for you. Appliqu is a flexible technique which serves for layout choices routine quilting can not accomplish.

The first step in learning appliqu is selecting a layout. Small, complex shapes will not function well for this technique, a minimum of not when you was initially understanding. Begin with a basic shape for your beginning appliqu job. Something basic like a circle or heart will certainly offer you well for your initial effort. In order to create a pattern for your appliqu layout, lots of people pick freezer paper, due to the fact that it is tight without being as well thick. Trace your layout onto the fridge freezer paper and also cut it out and then you could conveniently map your appliqu onto the fabric you have actually selected cotton is an excellent option). Next, carefully reduced the appliqu style out, leaving 1/8th inches around.

In order to support the appliqu, you can either glue the freezer paper to the material layout, or pin it. Now you will certainly need to handle the raw edges. Considering that the materials are being layered atop each other, instead of being stitched in joints just like standard quilting, it’s crucial to learn how to end up the raw sides so they will not unwind and be undesirable. One means to do this is to take your scissors and very carefully trim to the marked line and afterwards press the joint allowance under all the way around your design. Use the pointer of a Popsicle stick or a chopstick to assist smooth the little edges of material down.

Currently place the appliqu layout where you desire it on the base material and hand stitch it down. There are a number of opportunities for stitching your appliqu. Do you want to hide the stitches or utilize it as a decorative element for your appliqu? If you intend to hide the sewing, blind stitch or hem stitch ready opportunities. For ornamental touches, attempt buttonhole sewing. You could make use of any kind of embroidery stitch that strikes your fancy, yet with several of the much more difficult stitches it’s a smart idea to anchor your appliqu with a hem stitch first.

The last step is to very carefully reduce a little slit behind-the-scenes material only, behind the appliqu. Be specific not to cut through the appliqu itself! After that delicately reach in as well as remove the freezer paper. Now transform your appliqu over as well as push it, smoothing the sides as well as making sure if you’ve made use of an ornamental embroidery stitch. That’s it! That’s just how easy it is to discover how to appliqu. When you have actually tried your hand at appliqu, you will certainly be glad you have actually included it to your quilting collection.

All About Hoffman Fabrics

For the quilting enthusiast, one of one of the most important considerations is the option of textile. Allow’s encounter it; a patchwork’s beauty is absolutely dependent on exactly what material the quilter picks. If a patchwork is unsightly as well as does not ask you to reach out and also touch it, it possibly has a lot to do with the fabric preferred to develop it. Quilters aware address such potential problems by picking textiles from companies that they trust. Based in The golden state, Hoffman Fabrics is a firm who has actually shown their value to quilters over numerous years, considering that 1924.

Visit any kind of quilting internet site that markets textile as well as the name Hoffman will certainly pop up. They focus on top notch screen-printed cottons and also blends. Hoffman additionally produces hand-painted and colored fabrics. Yearly the business presents two brand-new lines of textile, which they call “vivid prints as well as delicious Balis.” They call their materials “motivating” which is not marketing buzz. One check out the plentiful splendor of the color and designs of Hoffman Fabrics as well as you will certainly see why they have been adopted by quilters as an essential fabric. In return, Hoffman has actually shown incredible assistance to quilters. This is evident in the Hoffman Challenge, a contest which began in 1987.

Every year, the abilities at Hoffman Fabrics choose one of their upcoming fabric designs to feature in the Obstacle. Quilt-makers, apparel as well as device developers as well as doll-makers are then challenged to utilize the textile to make an original item. The winning access are after that included in a taking a trip show which quits at galleries, museums, shops, and quilting guilds. The very first year of the Hoffman Obstacle, 94 quilters entered. Since then, up to 700 entrances a year have been received. The traveling program itself is so prominent that 12 collections now travel across the country, with some stops in Canada.

The Challenge, Hoffman actively advertises the art of quilting in other methods. The business has actually paired with developer McKenna Ryan of Pine Needles Styles to produce patterns based upon Hoffman materials. Ryan claims she wants to use Hoffman batik material for appliqu work because it has a high string count that avoids fraying. The developer, like so numerous various other quilters, is also pleased of the deepness of color and also texture in Hoffman textiles. Making use of these textiles, she could develop exceptionally lush and intricate patchworks based on nature.

Maybe among the secret’s to the firm’s success is the family members nature of the business. Three generations of Hoffmans are presently associated with the everyday operations of the company. It could intrigue contemporary quilters to know that much of the company’s style ideology comes from the fifties, when Philip as well as Walter Hoffman, boys of the original founder, joined the firm. They brought with them their love of surfing and converted it to initial styles of the sea, beaches, as well as surfing life. Integrating their enthusiasms with a flair for seeking unusual printing processes for fabrics, the Hoffman kids helped to develop a company that is beloved of quilters everywhere.

About Quilting

Quilting is a craft that has been around for centuries. For hundreds of years, the Chinese have utilized quilted towel for their cushioned winter clothing. The Crusaders located that the quilted tee shirts worn by Arabs used a lot of defense under their chainmail. They also brought the idea back residence in the 13th century. The process was adapted by European women for the use in developing bedcovers.

Quilting involved America with the Pilgrims, in the 16th century. Lack of resources made it essential for the settlers to recycle their garments and also other textiles, they made quilt tops, reducing the material right into smaller sized items and also patching or clouting it over as well as over till it wore out completely. These initial quilts were much more functional than very, yet as the inhabitants flourished the layouts came to be more colorful and also elaborate. Appliqu likewise ended up being a popular means of decorating the quilts and also the jumble quilt was officially birthed.

Around this time quilts became associated with the event of essential occasions. Certain layouts were produced for certain reasons. The Double Wedding Ring design was made use of to mark a marriage or wedding anniversary. This layout was made from interlocking rings, each built from tiny patches. It was a very time consuming project, and also generally was functioned by multiple quilter’s at the exact same time.

These days’ patchwork quilts are generally made from scraps left over from past sewing projects. Not all scraps are suitable for this purpose. Freely woven textiles, such as muslin, are weak as well as susceptible to distortion, while very securely woven materials, such as ticking, are not flexible sufficient as well as difficult to sew. Cotton is the very best textile to make use of, particularly for inexperienced quilters. Once a quilter is extra seasoned they may include other materials like silk, lightweight woollen and so on.

The color of a patchwork is up to the designer. Many quilters plan their project very carefully, or comply with a well-known pattern. Making test spots is a fantastic means to experiment. Colors are generally sorted right into tones, light, tool and dark. Making use of tone helps to develop deepness and layout. Textured textile also develops different impacts.

Pre-wash all materials in moderate cleaning agent and also cozy water before beginning a patchwork. Any kind of textiles that could run should be cleaned independently. When the fabrics are dry they need to be ironed, either with a vapor iron, or a dry iron and also a tidy moist fabric.

Quilts are made of 3 layers. The leading piece is the layer that is embellished and also most sophisticated. The middle piece is a layer of batting, or wadding, that supplies warmth. The third item is the support. These three layers are held together with lines of sewing. These lines could be operated in a grid, in straight rows or sophisticated patterns. Initially they were stitched manually with a needle. Today some quilters still create patchworks this way, while others prefer device quilting.

In the leader days the only tools had to generate a quilt included a needle, thread and material, and hopefully a set if shears and also a thimble. A wooden structure would be created to permit the quilter to make use of both hands, or to allow more than one drain to working from a time. Quilting bees were popular celebrations. Today numerous quilters like to use a big wooden hoop making their jobs a lot more mobile.

All About String For Quilting

The boom in quilting as a hobby and also craft has caused manufacturers to create a significant range of thread. You’ll find there is such a large selection of string that picking the right string for your quilting job could leave you scratching your head in wonder. You’ll find a selection of choices, whether you shop at a traditional shop online. This post will certainly shed some light on the confusing selection of string for quilting.

String for quilting falls broadly right into two groups- stitching string and string for embellishing. Allow’s go over stitching string initially, as it is the most typically made use of, especially for quilting jobs. Sewing string could be bought in a number of different weights as well as fibers. Weights of thread can range from 28 to 60. Thread for quilting has to be strong, and to stand the test of time, so typically you will certainly want to select a string in the variety of a 40 weight. Thread in the 28 weight variety is most typically made use of for embellishment, while 50 weight would certainly be used for piecing. You could conveniently find the weight of the string you are considering by reviewing the label. You might see a number like this: 40/2. The very first number is the weight of the string, the 2nd the variety of plies. In this example, the string is a 40 weight of 2 plies.

Thread for quilting is most often made from cotton, rayon, polyester, metal or plastic. The metal and also plastic string will certainly be made use of for embellishments and specialized stitches only. Cotton string prevails, as well as commonly it is mercerized. This is a process where the fiber has actually been made to swell as well as correct repeatedly, which eliminates any propensity towards fuzziness, and also makes for a really high gloss string. Cotton string is available in 30 to 60 weight.

Rayon thread is likewise very glossy, and also polyester string has a colorfast, non-shrinkable coating. The metal string choices are going to be a little bit more difficult to stitch with as well as are not for beginners, though they create stunningly stunning completed quilting jobs. Some brands that quilters may want to look for include the old favorite Coats and Clark, Guterman, which is a preferred option known for its strength and ease of use (attempt it for hand quilting), Madeira rayon string, which is solid sufficient to use to embroider on denim or leather, and also Mettler, which can be found in a number of different fibers.

It is commonly not a great idea to try to use up old sewing string, which tends to degenerate on the spindle. Unreel a little bit as well as pull on it. If the thread breaks, it will likewise break when you place it in your stitching equipment. With the wide range of quilting string, as well as its fairly affordable, there’s no factor not to simply get brand-new thread when you require a different color. You’ll conserve a fortune in disappointment alone.

Some producers additionally generate special threads for embellishing, as well as you could find these at your neighborhood quilting store. If you like to quilt manually, you can make use of needlework floss, offered in a wide range of color as well as fiber. Finding out about the different kinds of thread can enhance your love of the craft of quilting.

Best Books for Quilting

Whether you are a starting quilter, or an innovative specialist of the craft, you will certainly discover several books on quilting that will certainly aid advance your expertise. Quilting books fall roughly right into several groups, and also countless titles are plentiful in each. The classifications of books are how-to, pattern encyclopedias, historical, books concerning the pleasure of quilting, and art publications.

How-to publications are probably the most prominent, and the very first stop for the starting quilter. They range from publications which talk about the overall craft of quilting and give detailed directions, to publications which will take one element of quilting and explain the best ways to do it. The educational publications begin with such basics as textile choice and which tools you’ll need and also continue with directions for setting up the blocks of the quilt top and also the quilt itself, to descriptions of quilting, both hand as well as equipment. Every quilter requires at the very least one of these books in her library, as well as generally will handle to gather a variety of them. It’s remarkable how many times you need an all set reference when you remain in the center of a quilting project.

Another sort of publication that every quilter will certainly want to have on hand is an encyclopedia of patterns. These publications collect various patchwork block patterns as well as show the fundamentals of their assemblies. Because their goal is to cover a great deal of ground, these books are important beginning points yet won’t enter into intimate information. For that you have to rely on publications which feature instruction on a specific pattern. With the wide range of quilting block patterns and also techniques, you can imagine that this classification of quilting books is quite extensive and also equipped with titles. Books in this category may dedicate a whole volume to clarifying the nuances of, as an example, the Log Cabin pattern.

Because quilting has its origins in American history, patchworks and also the craft of quilting have been researched thoroughly, and also many historical quilting books exist. Looking at these books as well as seeing exactly what our forefathers maded with a portion of the products as well as materials available today could be an excellent source of motivation to modern-day quilters. Along the exact same lines are publications which go over the enjoyments to be originated from quilting, both in its social type (such as quilting bees) or as a solitary pursuit. Finally, there is a whole sector of quilters who have progressed the craft into art. These quilters regularly reveal their operate in galleries and also galleries, and also publish books not only concerning their patchworks, yet the thoughts as well as procedures that entered into making them. Often enthusiasts of patchworks will publish publications, too. These art patchwork books are as inspiring in their method as the historical quilting books.

An excellent way to select quilting books that will certainly become a permanent part of your library is to choose a time when you’ll have a pair hours of nonstop time. Most likely to the library, or your local bookstore, or fire up your computer and also consider publications online. Take your time, browse, and get a feeling for the substantial variety of titles out there. You’ll no doubt wind up with a much longer list than you have time or loan for presently, however you could purchase or have a look at a few titles and also begin a wish list for much more.

Component of the joy of quilting is locating publications on the subject, as well as the good news is for contemporary quilters, there is a massive array of titles to pick from.

Picking And Preparing Textile

Selecting material for a quilting project could be as much fun as doing the task itself. Even if to quilters pick the same patchwork pattern, different choices of textile will make each patchwork one-of-a-kind. The majority of quilter’s prefer making use of textile that is 100 % cotton because they are less complicated to sew, mark, press as well as hand quilt. If you are purchasing fabric in a quilt store you will seldom find textile that is not pure cotton. Fabrics will certainly likewise possibly be organized according to colors and print types.

With even more experience materials besides cotton could be included for selection. Not all textiles appropriate however. If you are utilizing an uncommon textile for the very first time, or want to use various sorts of materials together, attempt a small test block first. Fabrics of a medium thickness, with an also weave job well. Loosely woven materials are susceptible to distortion, as are stretch materials. Silk, lightweight wool as well as some plastics could be used with experience.

Both the color and tone of the material you select will certainly influence the overall result of the pattern that you pick. Tone could be made use of to create deepness and also rate of interest with better impact compared to when using color alone. Good planning is needed to attain the preferred look.

Color is considerably impacted by the colors around it. Making use of different colors will make pieces of a quilt block stick out from each other. Brushing specific cozy shades such as reds, yellows and also oranges, in the very same patchwork block as awesome shades like blues, environment-friendlies or violets, will certainly make them look more vivid.

Combining fabrics with numerous print ranges as well as styles can add aesthetic texture to your patchwork. Fascinating aesthetic effects might likewise be attained using colors of graduated worths. Printed cotton fabrics are available in several styles and designs consisting of batiks, homespun plaids as well as florals, tiny-grained prints that resemble solids, reproduction prints, and also soft flannels. Solid-color materials come in practically every shade, shade as well as color that you could picture.

Quilt blocks made from textiles of the very same or numerous shades of one shade, but of contrasting appearances could produce pleasing outcomes. Fabrics with a nap such as velvet, or fabrics with luster like taffeta likewise offer rate of interest.

Whatever fabric you pick for your quilting job, you have to prepare it effectively prior to you start. Many cotton fabrics diminish when they are washed as well as dried out. If you do not preshrink your fabric before you make your patchwork, the fabrics could pucker at the stitching lines as well as the ended up item might diminish in dimension the very first time it is washed.

To avoid this clean all fabrics initially in a washering on a short gentle cycle. Use cool or warm yet never warm water. You could make use of a mild detergent, but it is not essential unless the fabric is dirtied. Wash like shades together in case they are not colorfast. Device completely dry the material and press it with an iron. You are now all set to start your project.

Picking Fabrics for Quilting

Lots of crafters are attracted to quilting because of the wide array of stunning textiles offered. Stroll right into any kind of textile shop or quilting store, and your eyes are nearly bewildered with all the options in fiber as well as shade. Screws of materials in a rainbow of colors assail the senses. The contemporary quilter is fortunate without a doubt to have the huge range of textiles available to her. This humiliation of riches could additionally lead to uncertainty in choosing the correct textiles for a quilting job.

While the craft of quilting was one borne of requirement and also thus many different materials have been utilized throughout the years, far and away one of the most typical textile for quilting is cotton. Some historic patchworks could use brilliantly tinted woollen, usually appliqu d quilts, as wool is a bit heavy to be used for assembled patchworks. Cotton is such a wonderful all-purpose material which washes well (though make certain to pre-wash all cottons to pre-shrink it) as well as keeps its color and also hand. Usually talking, 100 percent cotton is going to be the quilter’s first choice. You could be attracted by the bargain mixes on the sale ranking at the textile shop, but hesitate prior to you commit to these textiles. For a little bit even more money, it’s worth it to purchase quality materials for your patchwork. You’re going to be spending rather a few hours of your valuable time making the quilt, so why not spend in the finest? Relatively speaking, materials for quilting simply don’t cost that much money.

Among one of the most important elements of picking materials for quilting is shade. Often this is a topic which confuses beginning quilters, yet there’s no need to avoid finding out about shade. The majority of people are far more skilled at incorporating shade than they envision. First of all, learn how to trust your intuition (unless you recognize you are color blind!) -if you like the way colors look with each other, others most likely will additionally. And also remember that this is your quilting project and also you ought to choose fabrics that you like the appearance of, and that you’ll take pleasure in working on. One more credible method to pick the color of materials is to study nature. You truly can not go wrong replicating the method shades fit at the sea, or in the woodland. Most likely to your neighborhood park and also examine the various hues you’ll see looking at a tree, or the yard.

For those who desire a bit more support, you could do a rudimentary study of color concept. Research the shade wheel and also acquaint yourself with the primaries (red, yellow, blue), secondary colors (green, orange and also violet), and also intermediate colors which integrate primary with secondary colors. An additional aspect of shade for textiles is value-light, dark and also tool. The worths in your fabrics need to be well balanced, and not also heavy in any type of one value. You may also intend to think about the intensity of the colors in your materials, which is the illumination or dullness of a shade.

Familiarizing yourself with the variety of fabrics offered for quilting is a satisfying experience that will certainly also enhance your enjoyment of the craft.

Selecting Quilt Fabric

There are various kinds of material that could be used in jumble, quilting and appliqu. The adhering to details will certainly help you recognize and also pick the most effective textile for your projects.

Calico is a solid, plain weave textile. It is readily available in a range of weights and is normally white or natural with darker streaks.

Corduroy or fine-wale corduroy is a plain-weave material with vertical pile-effect ribbing. It tears easily however is suitable for appliqu and also large spot items.

Cotton is the option of the majority of quilters. It is hard-wearing as well as simple to collaborate with. Cotton can be found in a wide variety of ordinary and also patterned print colors. It is the most effective selection for patchwork quilt textile.

Really felt is made from wool. It is non-woven fabric. Instead, the fibers are compressed with dampness and warm. Really felt shrinks making it improper for the majority of write-ups that require constant cleaning. It is perfect for appliqu.

Gingham is a cotton or cotton mix material. Rotating red stripes of colored and white strings in the warp and also weft creates a checkered pattern.

Lawn is a great crisp cotton, or cotton blend material. It is offered in prints and level.

Bed linen is material that is woven from fiber generated by the flax plant. Bed linen battle royals and creases quickly but is suitable as a ground material.

Muslin is a white or all-natural open-weave cotton or cotton mix. This fabric is suitable for backing patchworks as well as is also used in darkness quilting and appliqu.

Organdy is a fine cotton material that is starched. It is utilized for shadow work.

Fabric is a delicate textile woven from silk or artificial fibers. It might likewise be woven from silk as well as a synthetic blend. Organza is offered in ordinary shades as well as with metallic and rainbowlike effects making it suitable for appliqu and also darkness job. It is additionally occasionally utilized for fragile jumble.

PVC is a plastic, cotton-backed cloth. It is challenging to work with due to its lack of adaptability. It is utilized for patchwork and appliqu.

Sateen is a soft fabric that has a surface area shine. It is a popular patchwork fabric.

Satin is a glossy material that could be woven from cotton, silk, or synthetics. It is used in appliqu.

Silk is material that is woven from natural fibers produced by silk worms. It functions well for almost any job and also is readily available in a variety of appearances, shades, patterns and weights.

Shantung fabric is woven from threads of uneven density offering it an uneven surface area. It is used for quilting and patchwork.

Taffeta is a plain-weave material with a two-tone impact. It is suitable for appliqu and also small patchwork.

Velour has a very closely woven backing and also a thick cut-pile surface. It is made use of in patchwork, especially insane patchwork, yet the nap ought to lie in the same instructions as the jumble.

Voile is a great woven fabric that is utilized for darkness job.

Woollen is made from woven fleece. Wool does not launder well and also ought to only be utilized for inlaid appliqu, unless it is light-weight. Lightweight wool could be utilized in jumble.

Silk Fabric Buying Guide

Silk is one of the most desired and popular natural fibers with a rich history. Pliny, the Roman historian, quoted in his Natural History in 70 BC that “Silk was obtained by removing the down from the leaves with the help of water …”. It is interesting to note that for more than two thousand years the Chinese kept the secret of silk altogether to themselves.

It is believed to be discovered by a Chinese Empress Hsi Ling Shi and was a guarded secret that passed through many centuries till it was discovered. Talking of silk fabric in furnishing, it has been one of the favorites owing to its light weight, rich and sophisticated feel, and because of its famous history.

Interestingly, a more recent archeological survey reveals a small ivory cup carved with a silkworm design predicted to be between 6000 and 7000 years old. Spinning tools, silk thread and fabric fragments were found from sites along the lower Yangzi River in China unraveling the origins of sericulture much earlier in history. There is a story that two monks smuggled seeds of the mulberry tree and silkworm eggs out of China by hiding them in their walking sticks. Silk is made from two continuous filaments cemented together and used to form the cocoon of the silkworm. It is again said that India learnt of silk culture when a Chinese princess married an Indian prince. The major producer and exporter of silk is Japan, followed by India and Brazil.

Silk Characteristics

– It is one of the strongest natural fabric.
– Rich, Light and luxurious.
– Not resistant to abrasions and sunlight and air impurities, resulting in fading of the color.
– Water spots can be easily visible. The fabric should be dry cleaned.
– Comfortable and absorbent
– Silk fabric do not resist wrinkle.

Silk Printing allows in fashioning different patterns to the fabric. Different methods like screen printing block printing and roller printing is used to imprint patterns on the silk fabric. The embroidery process is like adding embellishment and bestows the fabric with great look. Silk cushions in screen print and embroidery make great furnishing items.

Producing silk From Cocoon to Yarn: Sericulture has a old history by which silkworms are used to cultivate silk by feeding them on mulberry leaves. The worms increase their body size by almost 10,000 times within a very short span of time. The silk worms stop eating by the end of a month and attach itself to straw to start spinning its cocoon. The worm ceases to eat by the end of thirty days and attach itself to a piece of straw and begins to spin its cocoon. This is when human intervention takes place between the stage of spinning a cocoon and before the hatching of worm, the cocoon is soaked in hot water and a fine thread is unraveled which is the silk fiber, later weaved into fabric.

Finishing process allows the fabric to give it the desired effect. It is either physical or chemical. Different treatments result in different effects like crease-proofing, water-proofing, fire-proofing etc

Washing and bleaching of the silk thread after the fiber has been extracted, it needs to be thoroughly washed to get rid of the glutinous substance, which may also be bleached.

Use of silk in home furnishing and bedding: Apart from the traditional use in clothing, silk has been popularly used as bedding and furnishing item at home. It is used in quilts and as upholstery fabric to bestow any piece of furniture with a timeless and rich appeal.

. Final soaking in a chemical solution: This process helps to preserve the sheen and luster of the silk fabric. It adds weight and makes the fabric soft, smooth, easy to iron and wrinkle resistant.

Weaving: one of the most crucial steps in producing silk, weaving is a process that interweaves by warp and weft yarns. Silk can be woven by hand or machine, while weaving is a process where the fabric is created by interlacing the warp yarns and the weft yarns. The handmade yarn is considered better than the machine. Handmade silk can entail delicate designs in different colored threads offering wide variety for clothing and upholstery. There are modern machines that use lances, projectiles, jet of compressed air to shoot the weft-yarn between the warp-yarns. As to the quality, any good quality silk starts at app. 2000 threads per meter width.

Dyeing, Printing and Finishing: Once woven, silk is either yarn-dyed or dyed-woven in different patterns. You can see different shades in silk and some of the popular yarn-dyed fabrics includes taffeta, duchess, satin and others.

Upholstery fabric: A great upholstery fabric, silk is used in home furnishing allowing any room a luxurious look like quilts, curtains, sheets, pillowcases, and throws. Since silk is not a good resistant to abrasion, it should be taken extra care.